Addiction is a complex disease that affects brain function and behavior but is treatable. The first step is to understand the components of an effective treatment program.

  • No single treatment is right for everyone.


  • People need to have quick access to treatment.


  • Effective treatment addresses the patient’s needs, not just their drug use.


  • Staying in treatment long enough is critical.


  • Treatment should address other possible mental health disorders.


  • Plans must be reviewed often and modified to fit the patient’s changing needs.


  • Medication is often an important part of treatment, especially when combined with behavioral therapies.


  • Counseling and other behavioral therapies are the most commonly used forms of treatment.


  • Medically assisted withdrawal management (detoxification) is only the first stage of treatment.


  • Treatment doesn't need to be voluntary to be effective.


  • Drug use during treatment must be monitored continuously.


  • Programs should test patients for infectious diseases and teach them about steps they can take to reduce their risk of these illnesses.



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OPTIONS Maine liaisons  serve as a judgment-free point of contact who will meet people where they are in terms of their substance use.

2-1-1 Maine

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2-1-1 is a free, confidential information and referral service based in Maine available 24/7 that connects people of all ages to local services.